POP Quiz from Guttmacher Institute*

jot your answers, see facts below, count 8 for each correct one!

 

1. The majority of women who have an abortion are already mothers. True or False?

2. In the world's developing countries, how many unplanned pregnancies and abortions are prevented annually by contraceptive use?

a) 94 million unintended pregnancies and 53 million abortions
b) 187 million unintended pregnancies and 105 million abortions
c) 205 million unintended pregnancies and 103 million abortions
d) 239 million unintended pregnancies and 127 million abortions

3. What would be the annual financial impact of requiring all states to adopt the same income eligibility standards for Medicaid coverage of family planning as they now have for pregnancy-related care?

a) $1.5 billion in additional costs
b) $500 million in additional costs
c) $500 million in net savings
d) $1.5 billion in net savings

4. Where abortion is banned except to save the life of the mother, abortion rates are consistently low.  True or False?

5. By what age have roughly half of American teenagers had sex?

a)    19
b)    17
c)    16
d)    15

6. What is the typical gap between the initiation of sexual activity and first marriage for women in the United States?

a) 6 months
b) 5 years
c) 8 years
d) 10 years

7. What proportion of sexually active young women use a contraceptive method the first time they have sex?

a) 35%
b) 51%
c) 68%
d) 79%

8. American teenagers have much higher pregnancy and abortion rates than teenagers in most of Western Europe because U.S. teenagers are more likely to be sexually active. True or False?

9. What proportion of new sexually transmitted infections in the United States each year occur among 15-24-year-olds?

a) 75%
b) 50%
c) 25%
d) 10%

10. Worldwide, substantially more men than women are living with HIV (the virus that causes AIDS). True or False

11. Which of the following prevention measures in the president's emergency program to stop the HIV/AIDS epidemic overseas is congressionally- mandated to receive at least one-third of all funding for prevention?

a) condom distribution
b) promotion of abstinence until marriage
c) needle exchange programs for injection drug users
d) drugs to prevent mother-to-child transmission

12. When condoms are used correctly and consistently, how effective are they in preventing pregnancy over a year's time?

a) 98%
b) 85%
c) 75%
d) 68%

13. What proportion of U.S. women will have an abortion in their lifetime?

a) about half
b) more than 1 in 3
c) less than 1 in 4
d) less than 1 in 5


Answers (give yourself 8 points for each right answer):
1.  True. Six out of 10 women having abortions already have one or more children. More than half intend to have another child.

2. b. Largely as a result of government funded family planning services, about 500 million women in developing countries now use contraceptives, so they avoid 187 million unintended pregnancies, 105 million abortions, and 215,000 pregnancy-related death each year. If the contraceptive wishes of the 200 million women who want to avoid pregnancy but are not using a method could be met, the answer would be d.

3. d. It would cost just over $800 million to expand Medicaid eligibility for family planning in all states to the same income levels states have set for pregnancy-related care. By helping an additional 225,000 women avoid an unplanned birth, $2.3 billion in pregnancy-related costs would be averted—for an annual net savings of $1.5 billion.

4. False. In many countries in which abortion is illegal but unwanted pregnancies are common, the abortion rate is higher than in the U.S. Some of the world’s lowest abortion rates are in Western European countries where abortion is legal and contraceptives are free.

5. b. Now 46% of 17-year-olds are sexually experienced.

6. c. The typical woman becomes sexually active at age 17 and married at age 25. For men, who typically marry at 27, the gap is larger.

7. d. The percentage of young women who use a contraceptive the first time they have sex increased from 43% in the late 1970s to almost 80% in 2002. It also rose significantly among young men.

8. False. U.S. and European teens are equally likely to be sexually active, but U.S. teens are less likely to use contraceptives correctly and consistently, and more likely to have multiple sexual partners that puts them at greater risk of sexually transmitted infections.

9. b. Although adolescents and young adults are 25% of sexually active Americans, they account for nearly 50% of new cases of sexually transmitted infections each year. About 9.1 million new infections occurred among 15–24 year-olds in 2000.

10. False. Women are nearly half of all people now living with HIV worldwide. In Sub-Sahara Africa there are 3 HIV-positive women for every 2 infected men.

11. b. Abstinence-until-marriage programs are guaranteed one-third of funds that, according to the GAO, limits the ability of local program managers to respond to the AIDS epidemic.

12. a. Condoms are 98% effective with correct, consistent use. They are also highly effective in preventing HIV/AIDS infections.

13. b. At current rates 35% of American women will have had an abortion by age 45. The number used to be close to half, but abortion rates have declined since 1982 because of improved contraception use.

* The Guttmacher Institute is a nonprofit organization focused on sexual and reproductive health research, policy analysis and public education. The Guttmacher Institute publishes reports on topics pertaining to sexual and reproductive health and rights. Go to http://www.guttmacher.org/ to learn more and to contribute to their scientific and humane work.