The Nature, Design, and General
Rules of our United Societies
In the latter end of the year 1739 eight or ten persons came to Mr. Wesley,
in London, who appeared to be deeply convinced of sin and earnestly groaning
for redemption. They desired, as did two or three more the next day, that
he would spend some time with them in prayer, and advise them how to flee
from the wrath to come, which they saw continually hanging over their
heads. That he might have more time for this great work, he appointed
a day when they might all come together, which from thenceforward they
did every week, namely, on Thursday in the evening. To these, and as many
more as desired to join with them (for their number increased daily),
he gave those advices from time to time which he judged most needful for
them, and they always concluded their meeting with prayer suited to their
This was the rise of the United Society, first in Europe,
and then in America. Such a society is no other than "a company
of men [and women] having the form and seeking the power
of godliness, united in order to pray together, to receive the word
of exhortation, and to watch over one another in love, that they may help
each other to work out their salvation."
That it may the more easily be discerned whether they are in-deed working
out their own salvation, each society is divided into smaller companies,
called classes, according to their respective places of abode. There are
about twelve persons in a class, one of whom is styled the leader. It
is his duty:
1. To see each person in his class once a week at least, in order: (1)
to inquire how their souls prosper; (2) to advise, reprove, comfort or
exhort, as occasion may require; (3) 'to receive what he is willing to
give toward the relief of the preachers, church, and poor.
2. To meet the ministers and the stewards of the society once a week,
in order: (1) to inform the minister of any that are sick, or of any that
walk disorderly and will not be reproved; (2) to pay the stewards what
he has received of his class in the week preceding.
There is only one condition previously required of those who desire admission
into these societies: "a desire to flee from the wrath to come, and
to be saved from their sins." But wherever this is really fixed in
the soul it will be shown by its fruits.
It is therefore expected of all who continue therein that they should
continue to evidence their desire of salvation,
First: By doing no harm, by avoiding evil of every kind, especially
that which is most generally practiced, such as:
The taking of the name of God in vain.
The profaning the day of the Lord, either by doing ordinary work therein
or by buying or selling.
Drunkenness: drinking spirituous liquors, unless in cases of necessity.
The buying or selling of men, women, and children with an intention to
Fighting, quarreling, brawling, brother going to law with brother; returning
evil for evil, or railing for railing; the using many words in buying
The buying or selling goods that have not paid the duty.
The giving or taking things on usury—i.e., unlawful interest.
Uncharitable or unprofitable conversation; particularly speaking evil
of magistrates or of ministers.
Doing to others as we would not they should do unto us.
Doing what we know is not for the glory of God, as:
- The putting on of gold and costly apparel.
- The taking such diversions as cannot be used in the name of the Lord
- The singing those songs, or reading those books, which do not tend
to the knowledge or love of God.
- Softness and needless self-indulgence.
- Laying up treasure upon earth.
- Borrowing without a probability of paying; or taking up goods without
a probability of paying for them.
It is expected of all who continue in these societies that they should
continue to evidence their desire of salvation.
Secondly: By doing good; by being in every kind merciful after
their power; as they have opportunity, doing good of every possible sort,
and, as far as possible, to all men:
To their bodies, of the ability which God giveth, by giving food to the
hungry, by clothing the naked, by visiting or helping them that are sick
or in prison.
To their souls, by instructing, reproving, or exhorting all we have any
intercourse with; trampling under foot that enthusiastic doctrine that
"we are not to do good unless our hearts be free to it."
By doing good, especially to them that are of the household of faith or
groaning so to be; employing them preferably to others; buying one of
another, helping each other in business, and so much the more because
the world will love its own and them only.
By all possible diligence and frugality, that the gospel be not blamed.
By running with patience the race which is set before them, denying themselves,
and taking up their cross daily; submitting to bear the reproach of Christ,
to be as the filth and offscouring of the world; and looking that men
should say all manner of evil of them falsely, for the Lord's
It is expected of all who desire to continue in these societies that they
should continue to evidence their desire of salvation.
Thirdly: By attending upon all the ordinances of God; such are:
The public worship of God.
The ministry of the Word, either read or expounded.
The Supper of the Lord.
Family and private prayer.
Searching the Scriptures.
Fasting or abstinence.
These are the General Rules of our societies; all of which we are taught
of God to observe, even in his written Word, which is the only rule, and
the sufficient rule, both of our faith and practice. And all these we
know his Spirit writes on truly awakened hearts. If there be any among
us who observe them not, who habitually break any of them, let it be known
unto them who watch over that soul as they who must give an account. We
will admonish him of the error of his ways. We will bear with him for
a season. But then, if he repent not, he hath no more place among us.
We have delivered our own souls.